Cesspools are basically pits that have brick, cement or concrete block walls. Wastewater gets into the cesspool and drains into the soil via the perforated walls. Cesspools serve as an overflow pits from the septic tanks but they are better than the old systems since they receive less solid material. In cases where a septic tank used for holding solid waste is not available, then the cesspool will need extra maintenance. With time, drainage around the area may become saturated and additional cesspools may have to be dug. Click here to read more information about Cesspools.
How Cesspools Work
Since a cesspool is a type of combined septic tank, basic principles of a septic system will apply to it. The solid waste in the cesspool is digested by the anaerobic bacteria. The cesspools have openings to allow filtration of the effluent to the surrounding soil.
Problems Associated With The Cesspools
With time, oil, grease, small solid substances, and soap scum accumulate in the cesspool walls. The layer that these scum forms blocks water from filtering through the walls at a normal rate. This causes the cesspool to start filling up with water. As a result, the cesspool has to be pumped regularly to avoid backflow of water to the household.
If correct action is not taken, the scum will build up on the walls and then it will completely block the wall. To avoid this, frequently pump the cesspool at least after every three months since it has to be emptied regularly.
Cesspool Maintenance Tips
Although most of the urban and suburban regions use public sewage system, there are still rural and semi-rural regions that use cesspools. Cesspool problems can, however, be avoided. Here are a few tips that you can use to avoid these issues.
1. Do Not Crush Your Cesspool:
Always be careful while driving along this place in your compound. Never drive over it with either landscaping machinery or a vehicle. The weight of a vehicle and can crush the walls or roof of a cesspool thus triggering the release of untreated sewage to the compound. Repairing a cesspool is really costly so you would rather take precaution.
Again avoid planting trees anywhere near the cesspool since their roots may affect its working. Choose ground cover such as grass or shrubs rather than the woody trees.
2. Limit The Amount Of Compounds Getting Into The Cesspool:
Septic systems require bacteria for their normal functioning. Releasing bleaching agents and harsh cleaning agents in the system will eventually kill the bacteria present in the cesspool thus their functions will not be achieved.
Use non-chemical and organic substances such as baking soda, lemon juice, and vinegar for shining and polishing in your home to avoid destroying the bacteria in your cesspool.
3. Avoid Releasing Female Products In The Septic System:
Ensure that the tampons and other applicators are not flushed. Ensure that all females in your house know about the dangers of flushing these products. You can provide a trash can that has a lid and a liner in restrooms in case you have any guest.
4. Do Not Use The Septic System As Garbage:
The garbage disposal will grind up fat, small bones, gristle, and other small substances that cannot be handled by the septic system. With time, these substances will build up at the bottom of the cesspool and it will start overflowing.
5. Installation of an Outer Filter:
The outer filter will help in preventing solid substances that cannot be broken. Clean these outer filters regularly to avoid backing up of the waste water.
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